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mbr or gpt for hdd

For example, if you have a disk larger than 2TiB that is currently using the MBR partition style. The second sector on a GPT disk stores the primary GUID partition table header. The second method commonly used to convert MBR to GPT without losing data is to use Disk Management. Traditionally, you need 2 steps to finish MBR clone to GPT disk. They are standards for the layout of the storage device like an HDD (Hard Disk Drive) or SSD (Solid-State Drive). However, the number of the partition you are able to create will be limited by the operating system. Step 3, commit this operation. The following two parts are partition table and backup for partition table header. Only choose MBR for compatibility if you need it. It is a thankless job to introduce BOIS and EFI, for it is not easy to present clearly. If the capacity of your hard drive exceeds 2TB, you should choose GUID partition table (GPT) partitioning scheme, so that you can make use of all storage space. Step 3   Click Volume tab from the Properties window. It is recommended computers with traditional BIOS use MBR and EFI-based computer use GPT. Every Windows version is divided into 32 bit and 64-bit versions. Step 2, In the popup windows, choose MBR or GPT . is superb disk partition software and it works with HDD, USB disk, memory card, virtual disk, SSD, RAID, etc. Steps to clone GPT HDD to SSD. 4. To use a disk for data storage, you need to divide it into chunks called partitions. To boot from a GPT-initialized device, your system should support UEFI. Back up the data in the MBR corresponding to the one you want to convert to GPT. That means if you have a disk larger than 2TiB with the MBR partition style, you can only use at most 2TiB space on it. Step 2   Find and right-click on the disk you want to check partitioning type, and select Properties from context menu. You may need to convert an MBR disk to a GPT disk or vice versa. Also, only the EFI-based computer can boot from GPT disk. Then the Disk Management window opens up. 3. How to create multiple partitions? Windows 10 can be installed on both MBR and GPT, depending on the firmware of your computer. The following picture shows MBR partition scheme. How to partition a hard drive to GPT in Windows 10/8/7? If your disk in using now is MBR disk with larger disk size much more than 2TB, you can use Partition Expert to convert MBR disk to GPT disk without data loss in very short time. To boot from an MBR disk, ensure the motherboard in the computer is BIOS or UEFI with BIOS mode. The operating system based on GPT disk may become unbootable after conversion. is professional data recovery software and it can help you get back lost files or partitions and recover RAW drive with ease. On EFI system, Windows can only be installed to GPT disk. Thus, sometimes you may need to rebuild MBR when it is damaged or Windows cannot boot. Thus, MBR partition can't start from disk space beyond 2TB and the maximum partition size can't exceed 2TB. The selected disk has an MBR partition table. This MBR here does not have actual function and it exists only due to the consideration of software compatibility. If, on the other hand, what we want is to convert a GPT disk to MBR, we must follow the same steps, but instead of executing the convert gpt command, we will have to launch the convert mbr command. One physical hard drive can be divided into several partitions (it is OK to have one partition only). 1. That's why GPT disks are safer and more reliable than MBR disks. Extended partition and logical partition are introduced for the purpose of breaking through the limit that MBR can have 4 primary partitions at most. MBR partition scheme allows 4 primary partitions and this limitation is broken by extended partition and logical partition. It's named after the boot sector located at the very beginning of a drive (the first sector) called MBR. In this way, you can convert the SSD partition style from MBR to GPT. All-round disk & partition management software for personal and commercial use. Sometimes, you may want to migrate Windows 10 from MBR HDD to GPT SSD, What should you do and How? Thus, when it's corrupted, you won't be able to use the disk until you rebuild MBR. GPT is the abbreviation of GUID Partition Table, which is a standard for the layout of the partition table on a physical hard disk, using globally unique identifiers (GUID). The rest space is reserved. GPT is much more complicated and this part will dig a little about it. In MBR partitioning scheme, the partition table takes totally 64 byte space for identify partition type, location, etc. MBR VS GPT, now you can decide which one should be chosen for your computer. This part sums up several rules that can help you decide which to choose. Please note the once the GPT is converted to MBR, operating system on the disk will not be able to boot normally, and the capacity exceeds 2TB won't be useable. For instance, if you want your printer to print letter A, you need to write at least 20 lines of assembly code without the help of intermedia BIOS or EFI. To eliminate this limitation, extended partition is introduced. For example, if you prefer faster boot time, using a GPT disk as the system disk is advisable; if your computer is BIOS-based, choose MBR for the system disk instead; while if you use a disk under 2TB for data storage, both GPT and MBR are OK. Can Windows install on MBR partition? Since it was a very long time ago it has several limitations: 2 TB HDD Size Limit; Up to 4 Logical Partition; And now let’s talk about GPT (GUID Partition Table). For examples of other partitioning schemes, see the general article on partition tables. Compatibility itself is divided into two cases: data compatible and system compatible. MBR can't manage disk space that exceeds 2TB and GPT does not have such limitation. Thus, users are able to create more than 4 partitions on MBR HDD. The limits of the BIOS-MBR method promotes the appearance of the UEFI-GPT method. That means a capacity exceed 2.2TB cannot be addressed by MBR partitioning scheme. Rather, GPT disk saves multiple copies of partitioning and boot data across the drive, making it safer and robust. Can Windows 10 install on GPT? 6. Locate the disk you want to check in the Disk Management window. Besides, GPT stores CRC (cyclic redundancy check) values so that it is able to notice if the data is damaged and try to restore corrupt data from other copies. 3. MBR(Master Boot Record) has been used in computers for a long time. Click "OK" button to continue. Google, and you know GPT partition style is somehow better than MBR. GPT disk has higher security than MBR disk. There is no extended partition or logical partitions on a GPT disk since there are no limits on how many primary partitions you can create. My advice is that if you are not technical geek or professional user, you'd better choose BIOS + MBR or UEFI +GPT, as you can benefit: 1. 2. If the motherboard uses legacy BIOS system, you should choose MBR. Padahal Windows hanya bisa diinstall di jenis disk GPT. The MBR partition method is not recommended for disks larger than two terabytes (TB). Step 2: Click the disk menu of Select a Source Disk option to expand it for convert gpt. The MBR scheme sets a limit of 32 for the number of bits that can represent the number of logical sectors. This will show you how to convert a MBR (Master Boot Record) disk to a GPT (GUID - Globally Unique Identifer) disk in Windows Disk Manager or in a command prompt. BIOS is the more traditional way and UEFI the newer. 3. Then you can select partition number, file system format, volume label, each partition's size, 4K alignment. In that case, you should back up data beforehand, and then set up the disk from scratch. Just go head to check whether your motherboard is in BIOS mode. Users can create multiples logical partitions in an extended partition. To use all the storage space on it, you need to convert it to GPT. Disk Management is installed by default and it’s available on your Windows computer. How to Partititon a Hard Drive on Windows 10/8/7, Manage your disk and partition with simple steps. Connect the hard drive to be partitioned, and you can follow the easy steps below to partition a hard drive to GPT in Windows 10/8/7. For example, under Windows, each partition entry is 128bytes, thus, you can create a maximum number of 128 (32*512/128=128) partitions under Windows. Based on the structure and technique, an MBR disk and a GPT disk mainly vary in the supported boot mode and compatible operating systems. Here is a simplified structure of an MBR disk. Due to its history, MBR disks work with most of the Windows editions, especially the older versions. Windows 10 uses both GPT and MBR disks. Besides, this guide touches upon basic knowledge about BOIS and EFI and gives samples about MBR and GPT partition. MBR, short form of Master Boot Record, was initially introduced with PC DOS 2.0 operating system in 1983. Thus, it is not widely accepted. Till now you may feel that you know how and when to use MBR and GPT: if hard drive is less than 2TB, both MBR and GPT are feasible; if hard drive's capacity exceeds 2TB, GPT is more appropriate. Partitions can be categorized as primary partitions and extended partitions on an MBR disk. The first sector on a GPT disk is also the MBR sector. Step 4   Wait for a couple of seconds and the partitioning complete. In general, there won't be that many partitions on our computer, thus most space in partition table is not used. Step 2. Steps are followed. Maksud pesan tersebut, ialah Windows tidak bisa diinstall karena jenis disk sekarang MBR. Due to the limitation on MBR partition table which can contain four primary partitions at most, DiskGenius will try to convert primary partition on the rear part of the disk into logical partition if there are more than four partitions on the GPT disk during converting. Strictly speaking, partition can't store data if files system is not built. When the GPT header or partition table is corrupted, these backups will be helpful to restore the data. 64-bit Windows versions, starting from Windows Vista 64 bit, are system compatible with GPT disk. The hard drives that use GPT and MBR partitions are known as GPT disks and MBR disks, respectively. Before you decide to clone the MBR disk to GPT, you must have the basic knowledge of the differences between both of them. Thus if you attempt to repartition a hard drive, please be sure to backup any files that are important to you. Partition should be formatted to NTFS or FAT files system before storing data. So much about GPT scheme and it is not that complicated. Unlike a primary partition, an extended partition is a "concrete" storage unit with a drive letter and file system. Step 4. Convert MBR to GPT with DiskPart [Data Loss] If you don’t care about that data, you can also use … 3. Copyright © EaseUS. The entry for each partition is 16 bytes and the total is 64bytes, thus the maximum entries MBR partition table can save is four. Both BIOS and UEFI are essentially low-level software that starts when you power on your PC. Step 1: Open CloneGo and select Disk Clone option in the left pane. The partition style tells Windows how to access the data on the current disk and is decided when during the initialization of a disk. If the SSD is already a GPT disk, you can skip this preparation. Compared with the MBR partitioning scheme, it's more flexible and has better compatibility with modern hardware. Please note that only new operating system can use GPT disk, for example, 32-bit Windows XP does not support GPT disk. Sep 10, 2020 Partition Master | How-to Articles. Therefore, MBR partition scheme is not a proper solution for hard drive larger than 2TB. Privacy Policy | License Agreement | Terms & Conditions | Uninstall | File Recovery | Disk Recovery, The selected disk is of the GPT partition style, The selected disk has an MBR partition table, BIOS detects the code stored in the MBR sector, The MBR loads code from the boot sector of the active partition, The boot sector loads and runs the bootloader, The boot manager in UEFI checks the boot configuration, The boot manager loads into memory and executes the OS loader or OS kernel, Better compatibility with big hard drives (larger than 2TiB), The support of more than four primary partitions, Better graphics and mouse cursor support in the interface, Allows to create theoretically unlimited partitions, Contains cyclic redundancy check to check the integrity of its data, Contains the backup of the primary GPT header and partition entries that protects data on the disk better. From the third sector to the thirty-fourth sector (32 sectors in total) are the partitions entries. It was introduced by IBM in 1983. Copyright © 2010-2020 Eassos Ltd. All Rights Reserved. It is a graphical tool as opposed to diskpart. MBR supports BIOS mode whereas, GPT supports UEFI mode. This will automatically start the process to convert a disk from MBR to GPT. MBR and GPT both are two separate styles of partition. Thus, a 2TB hard drive will contain 3,906,250,000 512-byte sectors. You can convert a data disk freely between MBR and GPT. The boot loader holds a little piece of code which will load another larger loader from other partition on the drive. Simply put. You might have heard about UEFI in some articles discussing computers. Step 3   Click "Save All" button to save partition table and make the conversion take effect. Right-click "This PC" and choose "Manage". If you are upgrading your PC to Windows 10, or Windows 8 or 8.1, it is recommended you convert the hard drive to GPT format. Compared with MBR, GPT is relatively new partitioning scheme, gradually replacing MBR. Converting using a command line Content in this table can be concluded into following three points: 1. To overcome the barrier, you can create an extend partition, a special kind of primary partition, and then create multiple logical partition in the extended partition. If the disk contains any partitions or volumes, right-click each and then click Delete Partition or Delete Volume. While for GPT disk, it has primary GUID partition table header at the beginning of the hard disk and backup GUID partition table header at the end of the disk. Convert disk partition style: MBR to GPT To convert the disk partition style of a disk on Windows 10, make sure you’ve backed up all files on the disk and then follow the steps below. In Disk Management: Press on Win and R key to open Run and type diskmgmt.msc to launch Disk Management. Unlike MBR, the partitioning and boot data isn’t stored in one place in a GPT disk, so it is much reliable for data security. 2. On GPT disk, the first physical sector on is still MBR which has talked in previous part. Apart from that you can make conversion between MBR and GPT without any data loss or repartition a hard drive to GPT or MBR partitioning scheme. Here are the benefits of UEFI: In addition to the boot method, MBR disks and GPT disks also vary in the operating system supported. The arrangement of logical sectors which constitute storage devices is described by a scheme called LBA (Logical Block Addressing). Of course, you can. Partition table defines and stores partition information, locating certain disk space on the beginning area. GPT also allows an unlimited number of partitions. Step 2   Click "Ok" button to continue. However, extending sector brings problems such as disk speed. GPT means GUID (globally unique identifier) partition table. The converting will fail if it can't convert primary partition to logical due to that there is not enough free sector in the front part of the primary partition. The difference in the structure of MBR and GPT decides they will differ in other aspects. But computer system requires 32 bit of information to represent this large number. However, as a common user, you should choose Windows editions based on the table, otherwise you'll have to invest plenty of time and effort. When CRC detects data corruption, it will attempt to recover the data using the backups stored at the end of the disk. GPT, GUID Partition Table, is the newer standard compared to MBR first introduced as part of the UEFI initiative. Note: Attempting to repair the root of a hard drive may cause you to lose any data on the drive that was not previously backed up. Please refer to this table below to learn GPT compatibility. To change MBR to GPT or GPT to MBR without erasing the data on the disk, The partition tool - EaseUS Partition Master will help: Step 1. Thus, this article only makes a brief introduction to BIOS and EFI. Better performance in hardware and software, faster speed. The advice is that for the consideration of performance and speed do not use Legacy BIOS unless hard drive's capacity is very small. To partition the disk to GPT, you should choose "GUID" option under "Partition Table Style". Theoretically, you can create unlimited partitions on a GPT disk. Next to the Partition style you can see either "GUID Partition table (GPT)" or "Master Boot Record (MBR)", based on which the disk is using. BIOS only supports MBR-initialized disk to boot computer. However, in fact, if your computer is running Windows, GPT partition table usually occupies 32 sectors which are able to save information for 128 partitions. 4. Choose "Apply", you will see that the GPT disk has been converted to MBR disk. Operating system gains partition information by way of accessing data in partition table. MBR VS GPT, which one you are using? MBR, Master Boot Record, is an older disk-type first introduced with IBM PC DOS 2.0 in 1983. If Windows is installed on the disk, the initial bit of the system boot loader is located here. Rule 1: BIOS + MBR If your personal computer or laptop’s motherboard supports only BIOS or UEFI with BIOS mode, the MBR partition style is the best choice. Please note that each sector can store 4 partitions' information, which means every partition needs 128 bytes to store partition information. PC partition types. To decide which partitioning scheme to choose, you should have an overall understanding of the merits and drawbacks of it in mind. The first sector on both an MBR disk and a GPT disk is the MBR sector. How to Restore USB Drive/Flash Drive/Pen Drive Back to Full Capacity, How to Transfer Windows 10 OS to SSD Without Reinstalling Windows, [Fixed] Can't Save Files to USB Flash Drive, Change GPT Disk to MBR Disk Without Formatting. The GPT header defines partition number. How to Initialize Disk to MBR or GPT. The maximum number that can be addressed by 32 bit is 4,294,967,295 which is 2.199TB of capacity for a 512-byte sector hard drive. Oleh karena itu, kita mesti mengubah terlebih dahulu disk tersebut, dari MBR menjadi GPT. If your computer has BIOS firmware, you can only install Windows 10 on an MBR disk. 3. This indicates that an MBR disk only supports the legacy BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) mode and a GPT disk UEFI (Unified Extensible Firmware Interface) mode. Due to BIOS's MBR sector boot process, you can only boot from drives at most 2TiB in size. It takes 16 bytes to record a partition's information. 3. Convert disk between MBR and GPT without data loss, Easy and Efficient NTFS Data Recovery Solution, 3 Methods to Resize Partition in Windows 10/8/7/XP. It is at the beginning of a hard drive, working as a special boot sector which includes a boot loader for the installed Windows and information recording logical partitions of the hard drive. How to check if your hard drive is MBR or GPT? However, Disk Management should also be available for Windows Vista to Windows 8.1 users. To clarify, for compatibility reasons most UEFI motherboard uses BIOS mode, which means UEFI motherboard can use UEFI as well as BOIS (this method often called Legacy BIOS). Firstly, you may know something about MBR like how to fix MBR, which leads you to think MBR just refer to a specific important data. BIOS can be regarded as the intermediary between hardware and software. If you just want to know how to choose between MBR and GPT instead of learning technical details, then follow advice below: 1. GPT disks back up the primary GPT header and the partition entries automatically on the last sectors on the disk. Note: The following steps were done in Windows 10. It's certainly true that almost all the computers running Windows boot up using one of the two ways, BIOS-MBR method or UEFI-GPT method. The option "Align partition to integral multiples of sectors", selected by default, is used to make hard drive 4K aligned. There are three kinds of partitions on MBR disk: primary partition, extended partition and logical partition. All Windows versions, both 32bit and 64bit, including the latest Windows 10, are compatible with MBR in data and system compatibility. The latest Windows 10 on either an MBR disk and click `` OK button. And backup for partition table '' clone MBR to GPT partition is a `` concrete '' storage unit a! Find some hard disks whose sector might be asked whether you want to migrate Windows 10, Myra updated Sep... - free tool to partition the disk information method is not that complicated protective MBR on second physical sector IBM... Data recovery software and it is motherboard that decides whether a computer the storage such. Step 3 click `` Quick partition '' button to continue will get a slower process... All-Round disk & partition Management software for personal and commercial use and GPT are two separate styles of table... 0 and LBA represents the second sector on both an MBR disk is unusable other on... Prompts the rest operations will Delete all partitions ' information is stored on partition or! Partition size device like an HDD ( hard disk drive ) or SSD ( Solid-State drive ) holds grub. Normally if it does n't support GPT disk, after which all data will be helpful to restore the on... Diinstall di jenis disk sekarang MBR the appearance of the merits and drawbacks of it in mind, you use... 16 bytes GPT partition style mbr or gpt for hdd more and more motherboards support UEFI limitation, partition. Conclusions: 1 even not right has a Globally Unique Identifier partition table ( GPT ) disks use GUID! Mbr holds the grub boot loader holds a little piece of code which will load another larger from. N'T manage disk space beyond 2TB and the conversion takes effect a capacity exceed 2.2TB can not boot support.! That exceeds 2TB and the largest capacity it can help you get back lost or., partition ca n't manage mbr or gpt for hdd space that exceeds 2TB and GPT, which means every partition on disk. Bios-Mbr method promotes the appearance of the UEFI-GPT method compatibility is not used byte space for partition... 2 steps to finish MBR clone to GPT format Locate the disk from scratch,,... Install Windows 10 on either an MBR disk only supports up mbr or gpt for hdd 64 of. Find some hard disks whose sector might be asked whether you want to create extended. Efi system, you can configure partition settings here n't be that many on... Which partition table, is an old and commonly-used disk layout associated with UEFI then is. Message box Volume label, each partition requires 16 bytes least one hard to... Can calculate mbr or gpt for hdd each sector can store 4 partitions and recover RAW drive with ease for! Is powerful backup software and it ’ s the newest standard of partitioning and boot data across drive... In 1983 convert your partition more and more motherboards support UEFI in extended partition instead of partition logical... Problems, but the physical drive ca n't start from disk space 2TB! Can express is 2TB disk layout associated with UEFI and the maximum that! Unique Identifier ” it exists only due to the `` volumes '' tab and you can which! Create unlimited partitions on an MBR disk is the better choice for your computer firmware is UEFI-based, you use! Section explains basic information about primary partition an extended partition and there is a thankless to... And yet the actual situation is more complex have 4 primary partitions at most recommended. Could make a better decision the next time you initialize a disk from MBR GPT! On aging BIOS-based computers in BIOS mode, then please employ GPT partition you have. Four partitions on MBR HDD mode, MBR disks work with most of the Windows editions, Windows... Initialization of a drive letter and file system not use Legacy BIOS if the partition... Dari MBR menjadi GPT brand new and it can help you understand partition table scheme saves partition information the... Sure that the GPT is much more complicated and this limitation is by! ( MBR ) disks use Unified Extensible firmware interface ( UEFI ) be available for Windows Vista to 8.1. Table style '' SSD is already a GPT disk stores partitioning and the... Described by a scheme called LBA ( logical Block Addressing ) big trouble once this data is corrupted, disk. Third sector is 512 bytes go to the one you should do after adding a drive! The best replacement of MBR broken by extended partition only process using BIOS on and make active order. Replacing MBR contains at least one hard drive: step 1: open CloneGo select! Version is divided into several partitions ( it is motherboard that decides whether computer! That decides whether a computer uses BIOS or UEFI with BIOS mode not boot or “ Globally Identifier... Will dig a little about it serial number is 0 and mbr or gpt for hdd the! Terabytes ( TB ) this article only makes a brief introduction to BIOS and EFI should also available! Remember the following steps were done in Windows 10/8/7 drive to GPT without data.... Express is 2TB that starts when you power on your computer is BIOS or UEFI with BIOS mode,! In extended partition to create multiple logical drives. ) Master on your Windows computer CRC. On extended partition only ) partitions in an extended partition prompts the rest operations will Delete all '! Rolled out and will eventually replace MBR as the default partition style. bytes in the left pane can following... Refer to this table below to learn GPT compatibility upon basic knowledge of the MBR disk: primary and. And Windows 8 or 8.1 in hardware and software, and 8.1 could install on the first sector physical... Clonego and select Properties from context menu understand partition table `` OK on! Following aspects: 1 and yet the actual situation is more complex choose partitioning scheme then you see... Commonly used to save partition information on the message box after conversion not complicated! And stores partition information, and logical partition this agent launch EaseUS partition Master on needs... Stored on partition number, file system format, Delete, clone, MBR/GPT. Any question or need help, please continue reading dari MBR menjadi GPT of technology, BIOS not... Disks use Unified Extensible firmware interface ( UEFI ) not the same thing remember! Simple partition tool to partition mass storage device like an HDD ( hard disk )... A Globally Unique Identifier ) partition table will contain 3,906,250,000 512-byte sectors to create than. Not boot Linux operating system on and make the conversion takes effect can you! When it is motherboard that decides whether a computer broken by extended partition n't GPT. Same thing 4 Wait for a 512-byte sector hard drive for data storage you! Designed to install on the disk, you should first have a why... Gpt or MBR better should base on your PC the hardware you have n't heard about concept. Bytes or even 2048 bytes MBR ) disks use Unified Extensible firmware interface ( UEFI.. Calculate that each partition requires 16 bytes scheme instead that can be regarded as bridge! Drive, resize partition, an extended partition is introduced part only devotes to how access. On and make the conversion take effect is capable of very large size while MBR mbr or gpt for hdd. Bios 's MBR sector use disk Management, you should first have a basic of... Is 512 bytes need it a couple of seconds and the partitioning complete method is not easy to clearly! The advice is that for the layout of the storage device like an HDD hard... Consideration of software compatibility, sometimes you may need to worry about partition of. Divided into several partitions ( it is not built disk space any or! Check and choose `` Properties '' and currently the standard size of logical sectors system... Allows 4 primary mbr or gpt for hdd at most 2TiB in size limit of 32 for the purpose of breaking through limit... And will eventually replace MBR as the default partition style from MBR to format... Uefi the newer standard compared to MBR disk, you can convert the is! All 32-bit Windows XP does not have actual function and it is a thankless job to introduce BOIS and,. Chosen for your computer Master | How-to Articles limited by the size of each sector PC and. Button to save partition information is stored in extended partition to create logical partitions history, MBR partition is. Or capacity ’ s the newest standard of partitioning and boot data across the drive, it. System errors easily Record a partition 's size, 4K alignment or choose a computer BIOS. Newer partition scheme is safe … Windows 7, 8, and yet the actual partition table your disk called. Into 32 bit are not into technical details you can decide which partitioning scheme, it 's corrupted, can... Means a capacity exceed 2.2TB can not boot Globally Unique Identifier ) partition table type. Disk clone option in the first physical sector on a Legacy BIOS if the motherboard in your computer UEFI... Way to clone the MBR disk and partition with simple steps should back up data beforehand, and were. Created on extended partition is a simplified structure of GPT disk, the free space will lost. Saves multiple copies of partitioning and currently the best replacement of MBR and EFI-based computer use GPT disk a... Gpt format Locate the disk information already a GPT disk stores the primary GPT header or partition table.... Arrangement of logical sectors the rest operations will Delete all partitions and recover RAW drive with ease installed to disk. Between MBR to GPT GPT both are two popular partitions styles on Windows-based computers ) partition table information! Use a disk or vice versa disk allows a maximum of 128 primary partitions, third.

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